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what’s the context of Surat Al-Baqarah 2:193

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Hello all,

I was wondering, what’s the context of Surat Al-Baqarah 2:193? There’s an article I was reading by Sinem Tezyapar, a Turkish peace activist, where she’s quoted some really inspirational passages from the Qu’ran about coexistence and respect, and some right-wing guy in the comments is accusing her of lying, practicing taqiyya and propaganda by making Islam look like anything but the religion of hate that he’s convinced himself it is… gah, what a hypocrite. Anyway, he quoted that particular passage with no context to it whatsoever, suggesting that it means that Islam sanctifies violence again non-Muslims until they convert.

Which I’m sure is total rubbish and I’m looking forward to an explanation of how rubbish it is so I can go yell at the guy. Thanks all :)

asked December 12, 2012

1 Answer

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Praise be to Allah,

We’re not quite sure how your commentator arrived at his conclusion, this is the verse mentioned:

And fight them on until there is no more oppression, and [until] worship is [acknowledged to be] for Allah. But if they cease, then there is to be no aggression except against the oppressors.

- 2:193

The verse is discussing how Muslims should respond to aggressors that seek to kill them. When confronted by such hostility the Quran permits a Muslim to defend himself until the aggressors ceases or is defeated (if they do not cease).

It is forbidden by the Quran to force someone to convert to Islam, just a few verses further on the following is found:

There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.

- 2:256

This forbids any Muslim from forcing a non-Muslim to convert.

Allah knows best

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