Do Jews face in a direction when praying?
Without any intention of being impolite, could I ask if Jews face in direction for prayer like Muslim?
– Beke Yevan
Jews outside of Israel pray in the direction of Israel, Jews in Israel pray in the direction of Jerusalem, Jews in Jerusalem pray in the direction of the Temple Mount, Jews on the Temple Mount pray in the direction of the Holy of Holies.
We don’t know exactly where the Holy of Holies stood, but we know the Foundation Stone was located within it. Today the Foundation Stone lies under the Dome of the Rock.
Only a minority of Jews do this. Reform Jews don’t, and may even have never heard of such a thing. Even some Orthodox Jews in the U.S. don’t do it.
Most congregations – Reform, Orthodox, and Masorti (Conservative) – universally follow this custom. It is VERY rare for congregations and individuals who take Jewish Tradition seriously not to face Jerusalem in prayer.