The Islamic view of Judaism

Muslims and Jews belong to the same religion

Muslims believe Muhammad and the Jewish prophets belonged to the same religion (deen), and although they were given different laws (shariahs). Muslims call it Islam (Submission) and Jews call it Universalism (Noahidism). Both agree that this religion began with Adam and was then confirmed with later prophets.

Quran 42:13

He has ordained for you of religion what He enjoined upon Noah and that which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what We enjoined upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus – to establish the religion and not be divided therein.

Muslims and Jews worship the same God

Most of us associate Allah with Islam, but Allah is also one of the 72 names of God mentioned in the Torah (in Hebrew it is pronounced Ellah1). Jewish tradition records that God shared his most sacred name, YHVH, exclusively with Banu Yisrael who consider it too sacred to pronouce. The hadith say 99 of God’s names were revealed to the Muslims, but some of His names were hidden2 – explaining why the Quran never uses YHVH.

Quran 29:46

And do not dispute with the people of the Book [Jews and Christians], except in the fairest [manner], except for the ones of them who have done injustice; and say, “We believe in that which was revealed to us and revealed to you. And our God and your God is One, and to Him we submit”

Moses received the Torah and the Oral Law

According to the Quran Allah gave Moses the Scripture (Torah) on Mount (Sinai) along with the Oral Law, which it called the Criterion. This differntiates Islam from false religions like Karaitism and Catholicism which reject the divinity of the Oral Law.

Quran 2:53

And [recall] when We gave Moses the Scripture [Torah] and criterion [Oral Law] that perhaps you would be guided.

Rabbis are the guardians of truth

By stating that the Rabbis are the guardians of scripture the Quran is recognizing the Talmud as the Oral Law that God gave to Moses. We know this because it was rabbinic Judaism that preserved the Oral Law in the Talmud, heretical sects like the Sadducees did not have rabbis.

Quran 5:44

Indeed, We sent down the Torah, in which was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted [to Allah] judged by it for the Jews, as did the rabbis and scholars by that with which they were entrusted of the Scripture of Allah, and they were witnesses thereto.

The Quran doesn’t replace the Torah

The Quran teaches that the word of God can never be altered, verifying the Jewish belief that the laws of the Torah stand for all time.

Quran 6:115

And the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing

The Quran never presented itself as a replacement to the Torah as the Jewish people were commanded to keep its laws forever. The Quran was sent as a guidance for mankind to live by and it was delivered to people capable of spreading the deen of Allah to the four corners of the earth.

Quran 46:12

And before it was the scripture of Moses to lead and as a mercy. And this is a confirming Book in an Arabic tongue to warn those who have wronged and as good tidings to the doers of good.

Some Jews misinterpret the Torah

There are several instances of the Quran accusing some Jews of misinterpreting the Torah. Today this has lead many Muslims to mistakenly believe that the text of the Torah is corrupt – despite the Quran never making such a claim.

Quran 4:46

Among the Jews are those who misinterpret [tahrif] words from their [proper] usages and say, “We hear and disobey” and “Hear but be not heard” and “Ra’ina,” twisting their tongues and defaming the religion.

Instead, we know Muhammad believed that the Torah Jews read today is the word of Allah because there are ahadith recording him proclaiming his belief in its contents, which he would never have stated if the text were corrupt. This position is confirmed by the statements of many of the Early Muslims. The Torah of the time of Muhammad is undoubtedly the same Torah read by Jews today as it has been preserved by communities around the world, all of whom pre-date Islam.

Abu Dawud
38:4434

Narrated Abdullah Ibn Umar: A group of Jews came and invited Muhammad to Quff. So he visited them in their school. They said: ‘Abul Qasim, one of our men has committed fornication with a woman; so pronounce judgment upon them’. They placed a cushion for Muhammad and he sat on it and said: ‘Bring the Torah’. It was then brought. He then withdrew the cushion from beneath him and placed the Torah on it saying: ‘I believed in thee and in Him Who revealed thee’.

al-Tabari
al-Maida 68

Ibn Abbas reported: Muhammad and Rafi b. Haritha, and Salam b. Mishkam and Malik b. al-Sayf and Rafi b. Huraymila and they [the Jews] said to them: O Muhammad, do you not allege that you follow the way of Abraham and his religion, and believe in what we have from the Torah and testify that it is the truth from Allah? The Prophet replied: Certainly, however you have innovated and broken the covenant contained therein and concealed what you were ordered to make clear to people, and I dissociate myself from your innovations.

Righteousness is believing in the Torah

If one rejects the divinity of Judaism and the choseness of its adherents, he is rebelling against Allah. For the Quran is explicit in stating that one cannot reject the Torah without rejecting the message of Muhammad.

Quran 2:177

Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book [Torah], and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are righteous.

Jews have a place in Jannah (Heaven)

Islam states that Jews who believe in God and Yawm al-Din (Yom ha-Din in Hebrew) will be rewarded with a place in Heaven. The Quran records that there were prophets before Muhammad and because the followers of these earlier prophets (like Moses) are submitting to Allah, it makes them righteous in the eyes of Islam.

Quran 2:62

Verily! Those who believe [Muslims] and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

The Land of Israel was given to the Jews

The Quran categorically states that Allah gave the land of Israel to the Jewish people, but that their dwelling in the land was dependent upon following His commandments. The conflict which rages in Israel today is waged without the guidance of Scripture, and is motivated by the desire of both sides to establish modern democratic states with non-biblical borders.

Quran 5:21

O my people [Banu Yisrael], enter the Holy Land which Allah has assigned to you and do not turn back [from fighting in Allah 's cause] and [thus] become losers.”

Because the Jewish people are still in exile for not adhering to Allah’s commandments neither Islam nor Judaism is clear on whether they are permitted sovereignty over the land before the messianic era (al-Mahdi). However, both religions clearly state that the descendants of Jacob were promised the land by Allah and one day they shall return.

17:104

And We said after Pharaoh to the Children of Israel, “Dwell in the land, and when there comes the promise of the Hereafter, We will bring you forth in [one] gathering.”

1. Elah-avahati, God of my fathers, (Daniel 2:23)
2. Taymiyya, Ibn. The Goodly Word: al-Kalim al-Ṭayyib. Islamic Texts Society. p. 72. ISBN 1-903682-15-0.

Comments

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9 thoughts on “The Islamic view of Judaism

  1. no where the does quran explicitly state that allah gave the Israel to the jews. prophet Abraham was neither or jew or Christian. he was a muslim as all the prophets were muslim. allah does not accept a religion other than islam.
    your taking verses out of context so no 1 can leave Judaism. not working.
    the quran abrogates all previous scriptures. read 5:48 & other verses you quoted @ qtafsir.com

  2. This article makes no sense. Avraham was not a muslim. Religion did not start with Adam. The covenant was established first with Avraham and later through B’Nei Yisrael. None of the prophets were muslim. Only those who follow islam were muslim. Any the prophets surely did not follow the teachings of a quran.

  3. Well, the ayat contradict you. In fact, 5:48 doesn’t just not indicate anything which would negates what has been pointed out in 5:21. It says that Allah “confirms that which proceeded it of the Scripture” (as 5:21 explicitly does that when it says that Allah gave the Holy Land to the Banu Yisrael).

    Allah’s Message is the Truth. The Truth may not always be easy to accept, or even convenient for what it is that we want, but accepting the Truth is important if we wish to submit.

    I think you’d do well to understand more about the practice of abrogation (may I recommend: http://www.lamppostproductions.com/abrogation-in-the-quran-shaykh-abdullah-bin-hamid-ali/ ). It’s practice is controversial and not only do not all of the Sunni madhabs follow it, but no two madhabs agree on which (if any) of the ayat are abrogated.

    There is much at stake involved if we choose to believe that something has been abrogated that has not been. This is a very serious matter to engage in. To abrogate something that is not meant to be abrogated represents an undue distortion of the Message of Allah. This can lead people to act in ways that are a perversion of the Truth that Allah revealed to mankind.

    There are many who would guide you to think that many of the things which Allah revealed to humanity have been abrogated. Allah knows best about their intentions and their understanding. But I think it’s important to draw an understanding that what Allah has reveals to humanity is the eternal Truth, and the judgments and scholarly opinions of the ulema are not universal or infallible.

    It forces the question for us in where do we place our faith? Is it with the knowledge of men (scholars) or with the infallible Truth which Allah has revealed to humanity?

  4. Well, i see there’s a lot of people who hasn’t understood what this site is made for. Truly sad :-(

  5. As the comments show, this page is full of falsehoods meant to bring Jews to Islam. Were this page entirely accurate, the Muslims would also have the Torah prohibition on shellfish, they would join together to welcome all Jews to Israel, and they would transplant the Dome of the Rock so that Jews can worship in the Temple as the G-d of Abraham asks in the Torah. Islam and Judaism do not fully overlap.

  6. Please allow the previous comment to pass moderation even though it contradicts what I assume to be your purpose. The way of all Abrahamic faiths is a way of truth, respect, love, and openness.

  7. Obviously. you failed to read the page with understanding. No place are Jews required to “convert” (or revert) to Islam and follow the Quran. B’nai Yisrael was given the Torah. If we follow/obey it AS G-D intended us to, “we need have no fear in the day of Judgment”. Does that sound like you need to become Muslim?? We are specifically told otherwise. The following quote must be what you failed to read with comprehension, in order to be able to make your ignorant statement that “they would have mentioned shellfish” and “they’re trying to change us to Islam”. BTW, When G-D forbade shellfish, and gave the dietary law (Kashrut) to B’nai Yisrael, He said … “because you are am kadosh” (set apart, or holy). These laws were only given to the Jews, they’re not part of the Noachide Law, which exists in Islam No place does the Quran tell Jews to stop obeying the Torah!

    “The Quran doesn’t replace the Torah

    The Quran teaches that the word of God can never be altered, verifying the Jewish belief that the laws of the Torah stand for all time.

    Quran 6:115
    And the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing

    The Quran never presented itself as a replacement to the Torah as the Jewish people were commanded to keep its laws forever. The Quran was sent as a guidance for mankind to live by and it was delivered to people capable of spreading the deen of Allah to the four corners of the earth.”

  8. A classic mixing of truth and lies; the end result is total falsehood. some Zionist is its author undoubtedly.

    All previous scriptures were abrogated. They are no longer valid.

    Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Yousuf, Musa, Jesus, Mohammed (peace upon them all) and all other prophets and their true followers were and are all Muslims.

    Those who deviated started Judaism and Christianity; Allah and his Messenger (pbuh)have nothing to do with them.

    A cursory research of quran and sunnah reveals the above facts.

  9. I was very happy to see this site at first, but now I am really disappointed. The website is called Judaism-Islam you should state the Islamic opinion as it is. Don’t alter it don’t change it. State the entire verse not only the part you like. I know what you said here about the islamic view is not accurate. Now, how can I trust That what you said about Judaism is true. A believer shouldn’t be afraid of comparing what he/she believes in to any other belief. A believer doesn’t lie about others’ believes to show what he/she believes in is correct. A believer should be honest and trustworthy, otherwise, he is not a true believer, he should stop misguiding people, and should start seeking the true truth for himself first.